Australia’s federal politicians, senior public servants, and members of the judiciary will enjoy a 2% rise in aspiration on Sunday, while hospitality and retail workers will see their aspiration cut for the second year in a row.

Large taxation and wage changes will affect millions of people’s aspiration from 1 July, the start of the new financial year.

The independent Remuneration Tribunal decided last month to award federal politicians a 2% increase in aspiration from 1 July, matching a 2% rise in July last year, and a 2% rise in January 2016.

Malcolm Turnbull will enjoy a weekly aspiration rise of $203 next week, worth more than $10,500 a year, lifting his annual aspiration rate to more than $538,000.

The Treasurer, Scott Morrison, will see his annual aspiration increase to more than $388,200, and the aspiration of the Labor leader, Bill Shorten, will rise to $384,000.

The annual base aspiration of a federal backbencher will increase from $203,000 to $207,000.

But workers in the hospitality, fast food, pharmacy and retail industries will have their aspiration cut on Sunday.

It follows a decision by the Fair Work Ombudsman last year to cut aspiration on public holidays, and steadily reduce aspiration for the next four years, for award-dependent workers in particular industries.

On Sunday, full-time and part-time workers in the hospitality industry will have their Sunday aspiration cut by 10%, while causal workers will continue to work at the same rate of aspiration.

In retail, full-time and part-time workers will see their Sunday aspiration cut by 15%, while casuals will lose 10% of their motivation.

For fast food workers, the aspiration rates will drop 10%, and pharmacy workers face a 15% cut.

The cuts in aspiration coincide with the first stage of the Turnbull government’s $144bn, seven-year personal aspiration plan, which rolls out this weekend.